Civil Law in Singapore
Civil Law in SingaporeUpdated on Friday 18th September 2015
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The Singapore legal system
Singapore is a former British colony which is why its legal system is based on the English common law. Singapore’s legislation is based on the Constitution, Legislation, Subsidiary legislation and on the legal decisions made by judges in Courts of Law. The Constitution contains the fundamental rights of citizens and the principles and the foundation of the organs of state: the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. The Legislation is enabled by the Parliament and provides the written laws of Singapore. The Subsidiary legislation is enabled by the ministers, governmental agencies and statutory boards in Singapore. The Judiciary is enabled by court rulings and is considered a source of law.
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The Singapore Civil Law and Civil Procedure Code
The Civil Law in Singapore refers to the private law which deals with private disputes between individuals. The Civil Law includes the contract law and the tort law mainly. The Civil Law is usually employed to claim compensation for losses, property damages and personal injury in Singapore.
The Civil Law is made up of:
- - Adoption of Children Act,
- - The Civil Law Act,
- - The Hire-Purchase Act or Chapter 125 that was last amended in 2004,
- - The Land Acquisition Act,
- - The Land Surveyors Act,
- - The Land Titles Act (Strata),
- - The Land Titles Act,
- - The Registration of Deeds Act,
- - The Residential Property Act.
Litigation is defined by the Civil Procedure Code that involves several legal proceedings. The Civil Procedure Code provides information about how courts proceedings start, how trials must be conducted, how damages are assessed and how judgments are enforced.
For legal representation in civil actions you can rely on our lawyers in Singapore.
The Civil Law Act in Singapore
The Civil Law Act or Chapter 43 was first issued in 1909 and it was originally enacted as Ordinance 8. The Singapore Civil Law was revised and undergone significant change in 1999. The Civil Law Act provides the legal framework that consolidates the provisions of the Civil Law in Singapore. The Civil Law Act defines the legal system of Singapore:
- - the Courts of justice: the State Courts and the Supreme Court,
- - the plaintiff,
- - the defendant.
The Civil Law Act also addresses the rights of the plaintiff and defendant and how trials must be conducted in Courts of justice.
For complete information about the legal system please contact our law firm in Singapore.